SoftGIS Methodology

Building Bridges in Urban Planning
The Finnish innovation SoftGIS refers to a collection of internet-based surveys which allow the locality-based study of human experiences and everyday behaviour. SoftGIS enables the combination of ‘soft’ subjective data with ‘hard’ objective GIS data. Large datasets can be collected for the use of urban planners and other professionals interested in the development of more user-friendly physical settings. SoftGIS received the Technology Innovation Award for Web GIS at the 2011 Geospatial World Forum in Hyderabad, India, and is soon to be applied to urban areas in Japan and Australia. It has long been the ambition of the first author that... (read more)
2011-02-21 04:21:37

Indoor Wayfinding at Amsterdam Airport

A Stress-free Journey Based on 2,000 Beacons and a Simple Map
Thousands of people pass through Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in The Netherlands every day. Despite being one of the largest and busiest airports in the world, Schiphol strives to offer passengers a stress-free experience. Being unable to find your way around an airport is a common frustration for travellers the world over. In an endeavour to solve this problem, Schiphol has launched an update to its existing Schiphol Airport app to include indoor wayfinding based on 2,000 beacons. However, both the dynamic environment of Schiphol and the complexity of the source data and business processes turned out to be a real... (read more)
2016-04-12 11:35:09

Improving Local Government Services in Jamaica

Tapping into the Value of the Real Estate Market
In developing countries worldwide, governments and citizens hold massive amounts of real property and unmovable assets that are hidden or underutilised. Citizens, and in particular the poor, are unable to maximise economic output from real property. The situation in Jamaica was no exception to this problem in 2015. Against this background, the challenge was to design and implement a self-sustaining property information and valuation system which could generate both information and greater tax returns for the government land office. (By Keith Mantel, Walter T. de Vries and Michael Kirk) This was an interesting and challenging experience. Not only did it... (read more)
2017-06-08 09:04:33

Legal Aspects of Geospatial Data-gathering in Space

Eyes in the Sky or Big Brother
This article presents a first overview of the legal issues involved in geospatial data-gathering in space. Matters of security and privacy must be resolved within a legal framework if satellite remote sensing is to achieve the status of ‘Eyes in the Sky’ for the benefit of mankind rather than a ‘Big Brother’ serving limited national purposes. Among methods of gathering geospatial data, the use of satellites (remote sensing, earth observation) is a particularly interesting one in view of its global coverage. In this area there have recently been a number of interesting developments, such as rapidly evolving plans for Global... (read more)
2005-08-16 12:00:00

Using the Spatial Perspective

GIS Analysis of Execution and Lynching in Alabama
Between 1871 and 1930 executions and lynching were carried out in Alabama as forms of both official and unofficial social control. Such events often took place in counties not under direct state supervision. What was the spatial and temporal appearance of such clusters of social control? Prior studies have been based on demographic, economic and electoral data, with minor explanatory success. The authors demonstrate how GIS provides the spatial perspective missing in other forms of analysis. Alabama is a ‘Deep South’ state and its Black Belt, shown as a dashed white line in Figure 1, is covered with dark rich... (read more)
2007-06-14 12:00:00

The Art of Monozukuri

Myzox
Aichi prefecture in the centre of Japan is the home of Japanese ‘monozukuri’, in Japanese, ‘craftsmanship with inexhaustible enthusiasm and science’. It is also the place where major international players in the automobile, power-tools and chemical manufacturing industries have been founded. Here too, Myzox also came into being, founded upon and carrying with it all the tradition of ‘monozukuri’. The founder began the company in 1950, originally as a small woodworking plant. In 1954 a licence was obtained to manufacture measuring instruments by approval of the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry, and the company started producing wooden staves,... (read more)
2011-05-30 02:45:54

Cadastres and Mobile Phones

Fighting Corruption and Empowering the People
Land Administration Systems (LAS) provide the infrastructure for implementing land policies and land-management strategies in support of sustainable development. They are operational and work well in about thirty, mainly western countries. In most developing countries the effectiveness of LAS is insufficient, which limits access to services by the most vulnerable. Mobile phones currently integrate GNSS positioning, digital cameras and video, thus enabling direct user involvement in land registration and cadastral processes. The author challenges his colleagues to redesign land-administration services based on the capabilities of mobile phones to empower citizens, fight corruption and stimulate participation of the poor.    ... (read more)
2010-10-04 04:37:34

GIS for Urban Conservation

Change Detection and Priority Determination in Historical Turkey
GIS is a very useful tool in the planning of urban conservation. GIS includes integration of vector and raster data, geographical referencing, correction and spatial adjustment. GIS analysis tools and map overlays improve the accuracy of decision making. With the help of GIS, the authors detect changes in the historical urban sites of Odunpazarý District of Eskis,ehir in Turkey and determine conservation priorities. Major urban centres in developing Turkey face a population explosion, which began in the 1950s. As a result, cities have changed in size and scale, type of housing, land-use patterns, street layout and architectural style. These features... (read more)
2005-03-21 12:00:00

Offshoring Geomatics Work

GIM Interviews Huug Haasnoot, Fugro-Inpark and Marc Hoogerwerf, Wageningen UR
Enabled mainly by rapid developments in telecommunications and internet, there is growing relocation of office labour from Western countries to emerging ones such as India, Pakistan and China. The attraction of these countries is their combination of a highly skilled workforce and low wages. Offshoring is becoming regular business practice not only in programming, IT and back-office services, but also in the field of geo-information. In this double interview the interviewees share their geomatics offshoring experience in Pakistan (Haasnoot) and India (Hoogerwerf). In what type of activities are you mainly involved? Haasnoot - Within Fugro’s Aerial Acquisition division we perform... (read more)
2006-04-25 12:00:00

Increasing Climate Literacy

Climate Change and the Cadastral Surveyor
Climate change is said to have numerous impacts on land or, more generally, the environment. It consequently also affects property rights and boundaries, and climate change induced by boundary changes will increasingly pose a challenge to cadastral surveyors. Referring mainly to land administration practice in Australia, the author identifies five topics – drought, sea-level rise, natural disaster, sustainability and carbon trading – in which the cadastral surveyor is already involved or could play a future prevalent role.   Drought shrinks riverbeds, forces governments to invest in water infrastructure, and requires innovative water governance and management. River boundaries are common in... (read more)
2010-09-09 03:21:22
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