Secure Land Tenure

Land Rights for Women and the Poor
Success factors in secure land-tenure policy include robust collection of geospatial, anthropological and sociological data, acknowledging customary rights and land rights of women and the poor, and law enforcement capable of penetrating urban and rural areas and avoiding conflicts between statutory and customary law. The authors address these issues for developing countries and present their geospatial technology-based, in-house developed methodology for establishing secure land tenure.<P>   Security in a customary land-tenure environment first of all requires capturing large volumes of data in a form that is retriev­able, searchable, reliable and dur­able. Or, as Grover, Törhönen and Palmer state: ‘Securing and... (read more)
2008-12-10 12:00:00

Secure Land Tenure Key

GIM International Interviews Dr Anna Tibaijuka, UN Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director, UN-Habitat
On 29th June 2007 UN under-secretary-general and executive director of UN-Habitat Dr Anna Tibaijuka and ITC Rector Prof. Martien Molenaar signed a co-operation agreement to cluster their knowledge on urban development in developing countries: capacity development, training and research. Professor Molenaar feels the Netherlands must raise its profile as expert in urban development and management, as it is already doing with water and agricultural expertise. We asked Dr Tibaijuka how the new agreement would help meet UN-Habitat aims in combating poverty and achieving sustainable urban development. What were the main reasons behind UN-Habitat signing a co-operation agreement with the International... (read more)
2007-10-16 11:33:46

Flexible Land Tenure in Namibia

Offering Registration to Informal Settlers
The land surveying and registration system in Namibia covers only part of the country. There is frustration at the slow pace of planning, survey and registration of land rights and access to credit for investment and development. Many poor people lack any long-term security of tenure, having no rights to the land upon which they have settled in rapidly expanding urban areas. The author, an advisor to the Namibian Government, discusses the current situation. Poor rural people coming to urban areas in search of better opportunities have difficulty in finding vacant land on which to settle. Others are uncertain about... (read more)
2005-03-18 12:00:00

Security of Land Tenure Key

GIM International Interviews Keith Bell, Task Manager, World Bank
The work of the World Bank focuses on achievement of the Millennium Development Goals that call for the elimination of poverty and sustained development. This month’s interviewee is responsible in the Bank for task managing land-administration projects throughout the East Asia Region. His contributions to the international community of surveyors are always highly appreciated thanks to his realistic views and opinions in relation to land-administration systems in developing countries. GIM International interviewed him. World Bank (WB) has for decades been very much engaged in the development of land administration. What needs to be achieved in these projects, and what is... (read more)
2007-11-14 12:00:00

Secure Tenure

The Expert Group Meeting on Secure Tenure: ‘New legal frameworks and tools’, was held at the UN Conference Centre in Bangkok from 8th to 9th December 2005. More than fifty experts from over twenty countries were invited to join the meeting; 22 papers on the subject were presented and discussed. FIG Commission 7 Cadastre and Land Management, the World Bank, UN Habitat and the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific were responsible for convening the meeting. The Austrian Development Agency, the Vienna Institute for Development and Co-operation, The Net-herlands Cadastre Land Registry and Mapping Agency, the... (read more)
2006-01-25 12:00:00

Securing Land Tenure in South Africa with Three Words

In October 2015, Gugile Nkwinti, the Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR) South Africa, launched the 'One Household, One Hectare' programme. The plan is to allocate a one-hectare allotment to every needy household to enable people to cultivate and grow enough fruit and vegetables to feed their families. Each beneficiary will receive a certificate describing the location of the parcel of land. A three-word address will identify the centre point of each of the land parcels. But how to describe a parcel of land where there are no street addresses? Landmark-based descriptions are not accurate enough and latitude/longitude, GPS... (read more)
2016-03-21 11:21:30

Improving Land Tenure Security with Low-cost Technologies

its4land is an EU-financed project to assist Kenya, Rwanda and Ethiopia in mapping land tenure more quickly, cheaply and transparently. It will end in three years’ time; right now, the Africans and Europeans are in the phase of needs assessment. The focus is not on technical requirements, but on operational priorities and managerial context. The first results indicate that low-cost geospatial technologies will be helpful, not least because they also benefit priorities other than improving cadastral services. The its4land project aims to adapt and validate a land-tenure recording suite based on small, fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or ‘drones’), smart... (read more)
2017-03-31 10:06:19

Good Governance in Tenure

The 7th FIG regional conference entitled ‘Spatial Data Serving People' was held in Hanoi, Vietnam from 19th to 22nd October 2009, gathering together 250 international participants from 54 countries and 150 local experts to discuss issues in land and surveying. The three themes of the conference were land governance, Spatial Data Infrastructure and the environment, and capacity building. The selected focus on good governance in tenure was strongly supported by the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) Regional Consultation on Voluntary Guidelines for Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land and other Natural Resources, organised for Asia as a fully... (read more)
2010-01-28 02:48:34

Customary Tenure and Good Governance

Implications for Land System Modelling
Although customary tenure institutions come under considerable strain and their functions tend to be weakened by the existence of a statutory institutional framework, many people in peri-urban areas continue to rely on such arrangements for land delivery. These institutions maintain their traditional power and social responsibility for allocating the right to use land, resolve conflicts, and carry out overall management of customary land. Yet little attention has been paid to whether or not the activities of these indigenous institutions meet good governance objectives in land administration. The issue has been studied in Ghana. Despite much colonial legislative influence, customary authorities... (read more)
2011-02-21 04:31:51

The Social Tenure Domain Model

A Pro-Poor Land Rights Recording System
In developing countries, large portions of land remain untitled, with less than 30% of cadastral coverage conforming to the situation on the ground. Where there is little land information, there is little land management. Conventional land information systems cannot adequately serve areas that do not conform to the land parcel approach applied in the developed world. As a result, a more flexible system is needed for identifying the various kinds of land tenure in informal settlements. This system has to be based on a global standard and has to be manageable by the local community itself. Enter the social tenure... (read more)
2009-09-29 02:39:26
Search Filter