To Charge or Not to Charge

International Experts Speak Out
‘To Charge or Not to Charge: A Framework for Proper Funding,' was the title of a challenging article written by P.A.J. van Oort and A.K. Bregt of Wageningen University, Netherlands, and published in GIM International in August 2010. Based on an extensive review of the literature, and acknowledging that there is no one-size-fits-all solution, the authors developed a framework for selecting proper funding models. Free access is identified as the predominant model, but in some cases charging is seen as both viable and justifiable. The question of whether users should pay for geo-data produced by government and institutions has already... (read more)
2010-11-04 03:21:31

7 Questions about Hydrography and Its Relevance for Geomatics

The Perfect Combination of Science and Technology Applied to the Sea
According to NOAA (The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), hydrography is the science that measures and describes the physical features of the navigable portion of the Earth's surface and adjoining coastal areas. It can be seen as an application area within the geospatial engineering discipline. We asked 7 questions to Laurent Kerléguer, the new director general of the French Hydrographic Office (Shom), to learn more about the world of hydrography. Chief weapons engineer Laurent Kerléguer was appointed director-general of Shom, the French hydrographic office, in July 2019. In this interview, GIM International asks him about the latest developments regarding the... (read more)
2019-11-26 03:24:07

Downtown Dublin as a Lidar Point Cloud

A Highly Accurate, Diverse and Dense Annotated Laser Scanning Dataset of a City Centre
The advance of Lidar data acquisition technologies is substantially increasing the amount of spatial data obtained and it is becoming cost-prohibitive to process it manually. Artificial intelligence (AI) has now started to offer cost-effective solutions to analyse and utilize those big datasets. AI can be employed for scene understanding, accurately detecting objects and classifying 3D assets. These are the significant fundamentals of several applications including autonomous navigation, intelligent robotics, urban planning, emergency management and even forest monitoring. The most popular types of 3D spatial information for such applications are Lidar and imagery data. This article describes the dense annotated ground-truth... (read more)
2019-11-27 10:05:38

Inspiring and Empowering the Agents of Change

The FIG Young Surveyors Network
Eva-Maria Unger is chair of the FIG Young Surveyors Network. This network wants to increase the number of young professionals participating within FIG. To help young professionals make valuable contacts in the early phase of their careers, the network increases cooperation between the FIG commissions and the younger generation. 'GIM International' recognises the need to secure the future of the surveying profession and took the opportunity to interview Eva-Maria about the network’s vision. (By Christiaan Lemmen, contributing editor, GIM International) Who are the ‘young surveyors’? To be a ‘young surveyors’ you must be under 35 years old and either a... (read more)
2016-12-19 09:34:16

Let’s Embrace It… INSPIRE is Here to Stay

Big Challenges to Overcome towards a Common Framework for all European Environmental Reference Data
The idea behind INSPIRE is quite simple: a common framework for all European environmental reference data. The implementation of such a system, however, is less simple. Technology is one thing – but when 38 European countries have to deliver their data, preferably in such a way that they are interoperable, anyone can see that there are big challenges to overcome. Stefan Jensen is head of data governance at the European Environmental Agency (EEA), one of the European institutions that would profit from a harmonised environmental data system and fulfils a coordinating role in the implementation. With the next INSPIRE conference... (read more)
2018-08-08 01:39:23

The Power of Geography

At the end of the tumultuous eighteenth century the British government ordered its Board of Ordnance, the defence ministry of its day, to survey the country’s south coast. Today Ordnance Survey (OS) is a self-financing £100-million-a-year civilian organisation, still part of UK government but since 1999 having ‘Trading Fund’ status. Its workforce of around 1,500 people includes three hundred surveyors. How is OS coping with today’s technological challenges and social needs? What are the product trends, and what opportunities are offered by INSPIRE? Vanessa Lawrence, at the OS helm since September 2000, kindly answered these and other questions.<P> What are... (read more)
2008-06-05 12:00:00

Good Governance, Good Geo-info

Essential Role for GI at all Levels
Where just two decades ago spatial data was mainly carried on paper maps, map and three-dimensional topographic data is now accessible via Google Earth. Where accurate positioning was once the professional pride of highly trained geodesists, we now see such services provided by GPS-based consumer products. This revolution in technological developments and demand for information implies the need for continuous upgrading of professionals: ‘lifelong learning’. Lifelong learning is relevant not only for the professionals concerned but also for their organisations. These are in a permanent state of flux in order to adjust to their continually changing envir-onment. This may flow... (read more)
2006-09-21 12:00:00

High-level Political Support Needed

GSDI and Land Administration within Europe
Administrative reform within Europe has had a tremendous impact on land administration all over the continent. Geo-Spatial Data Infrastructures (GSDI) may bring further improvements. The authors review land policy, land administration and the role of land information within society, and call for high-level political moves towards information sharing. Examples of administrative reforms within Europe are restoration of the primacy of politics, reduction in ministerial tasking to core business, and improving the output of public institutions by distance steering, decentralisation and de-concentration of institutions. Other methods of improving output include quality assurance programmes, special service projects, restoring democracy and reestablishment of... (read more)
2005-07-14 12:00:00

Sentinel-2A in Orbit: An Overview of the Features of the European Sentinel Family

The launch of Sentinel-2A in June 2015 signalled the start of the era of the Sentinel-2 twin constellation. The satellite has been constructed by Airbus Defence and Space for the European Space Agency (ESA). The Sentinels are a new family of missions in progress and a major asset within the European Copernicus programme, which is dedicated to providing a comprehensive picture of the ‘health’ of the Earth. To mark the occasion of the launch, the author provides an overview of the mission, the features of the sensors on board and applications of the images. Although rarely used in common speech,... (read more)
2016-05-02 09:36:51

Land Administration Domain Model

Impact on Implementation of International Policies
An international group of land administration professionals initiated the development of a data model that facilitates the quick and efficient set-up of land registrations. Just as social issues benefit from proper land administration, land administration systems themselves benefit from proper data standards. The Land Administration (LA) standard has been available since 1 December 2012 as a formal International Standard, published as ISO 19152. This standard is expected to have an impact on the development of Land Administration Systems. The International Standard for the Land Administration Domain serves the following goals: Establishment of a shared ontology implied by the model: The... (read more)
2013-05-27 12:02:07
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