Monitoring Rice from Space

Rice is the most important staple grain in the world. Ninety per cent of rice plantations are distributed across Asia, providing daily food for 2.5 billion people in this region. Rice plays an important role in the development of society and the civilisation of countries in Asia. Launching a satellite dedicated to rice monitoring is highly desirable for Asia and other countries of the world where rice is produced. RICESAT In 1999, when the Asian Association on Remote Sensing (AARS) celebrated the twentieth anniversary of the Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS) in Hong Kong, China, I proposed RICESAT. The... (read more)
2006-11-20 12:00:00

Mangrove Mapping and Monitoring

RS and GIS in Conservation and Management Planning
The mangroves of the Sunderban area in India are one of the most productive and diverse ecosystems in the world, and yet they are a threatened habitat. To formulate a conservation and management plan periodic mapping and monitoring of mangroves is a prime requisite. The authors demonstrate that remote sensing and GIS techniques, including visual interpretation, are effective and efficient techniques for this purpose. The objectives of this study are threefold: mangrove mapping and monitoring, database creation and conservation prioritisation. Essential parameters in monitoring mangrove areas are disturbance index and fragmentation level. The disturbance index provides a measure for the... (read more)
2006-02-23 12:00:00

Drought Monitoring Using Gravity

The record-breaking drought in Texas, USA, that has fuelled wildfires, decimated crops and forced cattle sales has also reduced groundwater levels in much of the state to their lowest levels in more than 60 years, according to new national maps produced by NASA using data from the NASA/German Aerospace Center Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (Grace) mission. The map are distributed by the National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.     The latest groundwater map, released at the end of November 2011, shows large patches of maroon over eastern Texas, indicating severely depressed groundwater levels. The maps,... (read more)
2012-01-02 11:18:18

NASA Monitoring System

NASA scientists have developed a regional visualisation and monitoring system for Central America and the southern Mexican states designed to make NASA Earth observations and predictions freely and readily accessible to anyone with an internet connection. The system’s Spanish acronym is SERVIR, which means 'to serve' and it features a Web-based data archive of maps and satellite imagery, decision-support tools and interactive visualisation capabilities. NASA devised the system in partnership with several other organisations, among them the US Agency for International Development, the World Bank and the Central American Commission for Environment and Development. Scientific and technical collaborators include the... (read more)
2005-03-17 12:00:00

Monitoring Vulcanoes with UAS

Testing the Suitability of Thermal Infrared Sensors
Insight into signs that prelude volcanic eruptions is key for protecting the lives, livestock and property of those living in the vicinity of a volcano. One key indicator is temperature rise. Using Mount Etna as a test site, the authors show that a UAS equipped with a thermal infrared sensor generates data similar to temperature data acquired by ground-based stations while avoiding safety risks for volcanologists. Data from Earth observation satellites with high temporal resolution can be used to monitor volcanic eruptions on an intraday basis when combined with images from satellites with a high GSD but low repetition time.... (read more)
2014-06-06 03:41:59

Biodiversity Surveying and Monitoring

Using GIS and GPS in Annapurna Conservation Area of Nepal
GIS and GPS offer enormous potential to improve existing methods of biodiversity surveying and monitoring, supporting sampling design, data collection, visualisation, analysis and data management. The author describes experience gained in the Annapurna Conservation Area of Nepal. Increased human population and industrialisation has caused degradation of wildlife habitat and, with that, biodiversity. The major steps adopted globally for the conservation of biodiversity are the establishment of protected areas, including national parks, wildlife reserves and conservation areas; enforcement of conservation laws and activities aimed at raising awareness. However, the problem still remains critical, especially in the developing countries, where local people... (read more)
2005-07-14 12:00:00

Fire Monitoring by Satellite

Testing of the operational ScanEx Fire Monitoring Service (SFMS) has been started. The service has been developed at the ScanEx Research and Development Center and unlike similar systems (e.g., NASA Rapid Fire, AFIS, etc.) it offers access to data of several satellites of low, middle and high resolution. For the purpose of the project daily satellite imagery of the Russian territory is carried out with the data received at UniScan ground complexes, deployed in Moscow, Irkutsk and Magadan. At the first stage of the service testing in July only data of the European part of Russia will be used (within... (read more)
2010-07-02 10:00:09

Monitoring Rice from Space

Rice is the most important staple grain in the world. Ninety per cent of rice plantations are distributed across Asia, providing daily food for 2.5 billion people in this region. Rice plays an important role in the development of society and the civilisation of countries in Asia. Launching a satellite dedicated to rice monitoring is highly desirable for Asia and other countries of the world where rice is produced. RICESAT In 1999, when the Asian Association on Remote Sensing (AARS) celebrated the twentieth anniversary of the Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS) in Hong Kong, China, I proposed RICESAT. The... (read more)
2006-11-20 12:00:00

Satellite-based Environmental Monitoring

A group of Saudi Arabian and European partners have completed a project to implement and provide satellite based environmental information products and services to the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The environmental monitoring covers all four environmental domains "land - air - coast - marine" and follows previous experience gained in the European GMES - "Global Monitoring for Environment and Security" programme. The providers are Summit Geoservices (KSA) and a European team lead by GAF and consisting of DLR, Germany and e-GEOS, Italy. The environment has become a synonym for quality of... (read more)
2010-03-04 12:22:53

Japanese Forest Monitoring

Volume Estimation and Forest Fire Detection with GIS
Forest fires, illegal logging, rehabilitation of degraded land and watershed management are worldwide problems, monitoring being aided by modern technology including earth observation from space, image processing software, GIS and general IT. The author provides an overview of Japanese initiatives in forest volume estimation and forest fire detection. This article is a translated and modified version of an article earlier published in the July 2004 issue of The Journal of Survey. The sustainable supply of natural, coniferous wood, important for local communities in Japan, requires information on structural forest parameters. However, the Japan Forestry Agency record agency contains such limited... (read more)
2005-05-12 12:00:00
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