Japanese Forest Monitoring

Volume Estimation and Forest Fire Detection with GIS
Forest fires, illegal logging, rehabilitation of degraded land and watershed management are worldwide problems, monitoring being aided by modern technology including earth observation from space, image processing software, GIS and general IT. The author provides an overview of Japanese initiatives in forest volume estimation and forest fire detection. This article is a translated and modified version of an article earlier published in the July 2004 issue of The Journal of Survey. The sustainable supply of natural, coniferous wood, important for local communities in Japan, requires information on structural forest parameters. However, the Japan Forestry Agency record agency contains such limited... (read more)
2005-05-12 12:00:00

Biodiversity Surveying and Monitoring

Using GIS and GPS in Annapurna Conservation Area of Nepal
GIS and GPS offer enormous potential to improve existing methods of biodiversity surveying and monitoring, supporting sampling design, data collection, visualisation, analysis and data management. The author describes experience gained in the Annapurna Conservation Area of Nepal. Increased human population and industrialisation has caused degradation of wildlife habitat and, with that, biodiversity. The major steps adopted globally for the conservation of biodiversity are the establishment of protected areas, including national parks, wildlife reserves and conservation areas; enforcement of conservation laws and activities aimed at raising awareness. However, the problem still remains critical, especially in the developing countries, where local people... (read more)
2005-07-14 12:00:00

Mangrove Mapping and Monitoring

RS and GIS in Conservation and Management Planning
The mangroves of the Sunderban area in India are one of the most productive and diverse ecosystems in the world, and yet they are a threatened habitat. To formulate a conservation and management plan periodic mapping and monitoring of mangroves is a prime requisite. The authors demonstrate that remote sensing and GIS techniques, including visual interpretation, are effective and efficient techniques for this purpose. The objectives of this study are threefold: mangrove mapping and monitoring, database creation and conservation prioritisation. Essential parameters in monitoring mangrove areas are disturbance index and fragmentation level. The disturbance index provides a measure for the... (read more)
2006-02-23 12:00:00

Monitoring Rice from Space

Rice is the most important staple grain in the world. Ninety per cent of rice plantations are distributed across Asia, providing daily food for 2.5 billion people in this region. Rice plays an important role in the development of society and the civilisation of countries in Asia. Launching a satellite dedicated to rice monitoring is highly desirable for Asia and other countries of the world where rice is produced. RICESAT In 1999, when the Asian Association on Remote Sensing (AARS) celebrated the twentieth anniversary of the Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS) in Hong Kong, China, I proposed RICESAT. The... (read more)
2006-11-20 12:00:00

Satellite-based Environmental Monitoring

A group of Saudi Arabian and European partners have completed a project to implement and provide satellite based environmental information products and services to the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The environmental monitoring covers all four environmental domains "land - air - coast - marine" and follows previous experience gained in the European GMES - "Global Monitoring for Environment and Security" programme. The providers are Summit Geoservices (KSA) and a European team lead by GAF and consisting of DLR, Germany and e-GEOS, Italy. The environment has become a synonym for quality of... (read more)
2010-03-04 12:22:53

Sensor for Monitoring Applications

The Leica TM30 Sensor is designed for high-precision measurements and combines automatic, fast and silent operation to ensure that even the smallest movement in all monitoring applications is detected. The Leica TM30 integrates with Leica GeoMoS software to create a monitoring system.     The Leica TM30 succeeds the Leica TCA2003 and TCA1800 Total Stations and is designed specifically for use in monitoring applications. Equipped with direct drives based on piezo technology, the Leica TM30 accelerates extremely fast, allowing shorter measurements cycles when working with multiple prisms. The silent drives enable the TM30 to be installed in urban areas for... (read more)
2009-04-14 09:09:10

Monitoring Vulcanoes with UAS

Testing the Suitability of Thermal Infrared Sensors
Insight into signs that prelude volcanic eruptions is key for protecting the lives, livestock and property of those living in the vicinity of a volcano. One key indicator is temperature rise. Using Mount Etna as a test site, the authors show that a UAS equipped with a thermal infrared sensor generates data similar to temperature data acquired by ground-based stations while avoiding safety risks for volcanologists.   Data from Earth observation satellites with high temporal resolution can be used to monitor volcanic eruptions on an intraday basis when combined with images from satellites with a high GSD but low repetition... (read more)
2014-06-06 03:41:59

Monitoring the Shipwrecked Concordia

TRE and the Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy, in collaboration with the Department of Earth Sciences (University of Florence) have been monitoring the movement of the partially sunk cruise ship Costa Concordia since 20th January 2012 off the coast of Giglio Island. High-resolution images from the Italian COSMO-SkyMed constellation of satellites are being used to provide information on the position and movement of the ship, for integration with ground warning systems.     The analysis results are being continuously delivered to the Italian Civil Protection Department within hours of satellite acquisition.   In order to obtain the highest accuracy results,... (read more)
2012-01-27 11:35:01

Mining Slope Monitoring Conference

3D Laser Mapping, UK, has published the programme of speakers for its forthcoming International Slope Monitoring Conference. Taking place on 25 and 26 July 2012 in Mokopane, South Africa, the programme is to include a keynote address from one of Anglo American’s principal surveyors, case study presentations by laser monitoring system SiteMonitor users, and a paper on slope failure by 3D Laser Mapping’s executive chairman and founder, Dr Graham Hunter. The conference will also provide hands-on training sessions and the opportunity for delegates to network with peers. Keynote speaker Huw Thomas, principal surveyor at Anglo American, has more than 20... (read more)
2012-06-25 10:09:56

Monitoring Earthquake Fires in Japan

Real-time Fire-spread Prediction System
Earthquakes are often followed by outbreaks of fire. In Japan such events are frequent and cities are very vulnerable to fire damage. Optimal use of fire-fighting resources is crucial, including support systems for advance simulation of effects prior to and (in real time) during a disaster. The authors introduce a real-time, fire-spread prediction system. This article is a modified version of a paper published in the Japanese Journal of Survey, February 2004, pp. 30-32. During the 1847 Zenkoji, the 1923 Great Kanto and the 1995 Kobe earthquakes direct damage was made worse by the numbers of injured and houses further... (read more)
2005-11-21 12:00:00
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