Monitoring Earthquake Fires in Japan

Real-time Fire-spread Prediction System
Earthquakes are often followed by outbreaks of fire. In Japan such events are frequent and cities are very vulnerable to fire damage. Optimal use of fire-fighting resources is crucial, including support systems for advance simulation of effects prior to and (in real time) during a disaster. The authors introduce a real-time, fire-spread prediction system. This article is a modified version of a paper published in the Japanese Journal of Survey, February 2004, pp. 30-32. During the 1847 Zenkoji, the 1923 Great Kanto and the 1995 Kobe earthquakes direct damage was made worse by the numbers of injured and houses further... (read more)
2005-11-21 12:00:00

GPS for Land Subsidence Monitoring

Excessive Groundwater Extraction in Indonesia
Excessive groundwater extraction in the Bandung Basin has led to rapid sinking of the water table and is hypothesised as the main cause of land subsidence. Periodical GPS surveys were conducted from February 2000 to June 2005 but did not completely confirm the hypothesis, perhaps because of unregistered groundwater extraction or hydrogeology factors. The methods used to study land subsidence are mainly based on hydrogeology methodology such as observation of ground-water level, extensometer and piezo–meter measurement, and geodetic methods such as levelling, GPS and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). The focus here is on the use of periodic GPS survey... (read more)
2007-04-17 12:00:00

Environmental Monitoring for Saudi Arabia

A group of Saudi Arabian and European partners has commenced a project to implement and provide satellite-based environmental information products and services to the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The environmental monitoring covers all four environmental domains land, air, coast and marine, and follows experience gained in the European "Global Monitoring for Environment and Security" (GMES) programme. The providers are Summit Geoservices (KSA) and a European team lead by GAF and consisting of DLR, Germany and Telespazio, Italy.   Throughout the last decades the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has witnessed rapid development... (read more)
2009-03-10 09:09:13

Satellite-based Monitoring Caspian Sea

ScanEx Research and Development Center and the «Kazakh Agency of Applied Ecology» (KAPE) initiated the second stage of satellite-based radar monitoring of the northern and middle part of Caspian Sea. Survey of the environmental situation of this water area has been ongoing since 2008 per request of the governmental authorities of the Republic of Kazakhstan. This year ScanEx started satellite imagery session in March and will carry on its observations until freezing period.   Control over the ecological and shipping situation in northern parts of the Caspian Sea is done based on the operational analysis of radar images, delivered from... (read more)
2009-06-29 03:55:34

Monitoring for Oil & Gas Operators

Spatial Energy has EhsWatch, an Environmental, Health, Safety and Security Monitoring program for oil and gas operations. Offered as a subscription service from Spatial Energy, EhsWatch is a turn-key programme that enables an oil and gas company to monitor the environmental impact of its operations anywhere in the world, onshore or offshore, and manage the programme online for communication and collaboration purposes throughout the enterprise.   The service employs airborne and satellite remote sensing platforms to acquire periodic images of production facilities, pipelines, terminals, ports and other infrastructure. Spatial Energy processes the remote sensing data, applies analytic algorithms, and makes... (read more)
2011-05-13 12:00:00

Cosmic Science and Dam Monitoring

Extreme High-precision Surveying
Advances in surveying technology continue to shape the way we understand our universe and monitor earth. Radio astronomy, key to disclosing the mysteries of the universe, is impossible without high-precision aiming of the telescope. The same is true with respect to the monitoring of dams for safety purposes. The present authors, both with Sokkia, first treat the collimation technique applied to monitor world’s largest millimetre-wavelength telescope in Nobeyama, Japan that resulted in discovery of the first black hole. They next consider automatic deformation monitoring system at thirteen of South Korea’s multipurpose dams.<P> Radio astronomy, established in the 1960s, records and... (read more)
2007-09-19 12:00:00

Leica GeoMoS Monitoring Software 2.1

With version 2.1 of GeoMoS, Leica Geosystems (Switzerland) has introduced several new possibilities for the users including enhanced update of TPS stand points and reference points by GPS, multiple graphs functionality as well as support of digital levels. The improvements in Leica GeoMoS Version 2.1 include major advances in the handling of Leica GPS Spider Positioning Products and Post Processing Products, updating of TPS standpoint and prism points with GPS and median and data checking used to make the system insensitive to outliers. Now GeoMoS also supports Digital Levels such as Leica Sprinter and Leica DNA for highly accurate subsidence... (read more)
2006-10-25 12:00:00

Monitoring Marine Mammals with UAV

Insitu Pacific, Australia, has concluded the second phase of a trial conducted in partnership with Murdoch University that aims to determine whether unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) are a cost-effective, capable alternative to manned assets for surveying marine mammals. During the two-week operation, Insitu Pacific's ScanEagle UAS captured up to 3,000 images of humpback whales daily. The trial also demonstrated ScanEagle's ability to operate effectively in Class G commercial airspace, a key step towards expanding civil airspace to incorporate unmanned systems more widely.     Insitu Pacific managing director Andrew Duggan says that flying for a long time, at a low... (read more)
2011-10-05 10:27:55

Forest Monitoring service for REDD+

As the 18th Commonwealth Forestry Conference is about to begin in Edinburgh, DMCii has launched a new service specifically tailored to help in the fight to conserve global forests. DMCii's Global Forest Monitoring service uses satellite imagery to produce easily-understood maps of forest cover change. The service's wide-area forest surveys can be updated annually, monthly - or more often still for areas judged most at risk - delivering the timely data necessary for operational management.This week's Commonwealth Forestry Conference has the theme of restoring the Commonwealth's forests. Together the 54 states of the Commonwealth are home to 800 million hectares... (read more)
2010-06-25 12:00:00

Disaster Monitoring Constellation to Expand

In 2014, DMCii is to launch a constellation of 1m-resolution sensors, built by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL, UK). Specialists from the UK-based DMCii company spoke about the activities for and perspectives on expanding the DMC Disaster Monitoring Constellation at the 5th International Conference, entitled 'Earth from Space...', that was held from 29th November to 1st December 2011 in Moscow, Russia.   Originally the DMC Disaster Monitoring Constellation was designed for daily tracking of emergency situations in any part of the globe and for timely response. To date, the application of acquired images varies a lot, from agricultural and forests... (read more)
2011-12-02 12:00:00
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