Integrated Land Management – A Dream?

Land sectors in many countries are under-performing and creating significant risk that deters investment in land, restricts the land market and is slowing the transition to a viable modern economy. The initial remedy is to implement projects to increase security of tenure through land administration systems as a tool for fostering good governance and socio-economic development. However, security of tenure is not the end game in solving land issues. (By Robin McLaren, Know Edge, United Kingdom) A much wider set of interventions in a national reform programme is required across the land sector to create stability in society, provide opportunities... (read more)
2015-05-26 09:54:33

Understanding the Land Management Paradigm

Need for Establishing Sustainable National Concepts
There is a worldwide need to build understanding of the Land Management Paradigm and for institutional development to establish sustainable national concepts. This includes creation and adoption of a policy on land development, and an approach that combines the land administration/cadastre/land registration function with topographic mapping. The author seeks to awaken more awareness of global trends in this area, recognising that the systems design involved is always unique. In most Western European countries Land Administration System policies and technologies developed from a systematic and complete cadastral map. This was itself originally established as a basis for land valuation and taxation... (read more)
2006-01-25 12:00:00

Land Ownership Conflicts in Cameroon

Statutory versus Customary I
For nearly a century, up until the 1960s, Africa was colonised by Europe. During this period the coloniser's laws replaced many traditionally enforced regulations. After independence the new African states instituted laws that often mixed customary practices and colonial rules. Using his home country of Cameroon as a case, the author illustrates how land-ownership conflicts in Africa arose through this problematic mix of tradition and modernity. From the European perspective, Cameroon was discovered, and its discoverer was Christopher Columbus, the fifteenth-century Portuguese explorer. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884. After the first world war the territory was divided between... (read more)
2010-12-03 02:27:20

Solving Land Conflict in Africa

Cadastre Alone Not Enough
The governments of many African countries are currently investing in improving land administration with the aim of developing an efficient land market. A side objective is to reduce conflicts over land through implementation of a functioning land-registration and/or cadastral system. Experience teaches that additional preventative measures are required, such as conflict resolution, land management and psychotherapeutic approaches. Not even a perfect land market can prevent conflicts unless regulated by governing institutions. There are two types of institution: constitutive and regulative institutions. Constitutive institutions are needed to enable an economically efficient land market through land rights, land registration and rule of... (read more)
2006-05-22 12:00:00

An App Transforms Land Administration

GIS Is Innovating How Land Data Is Collected and Managed
'What if we put fit-for-purpose land administration thinking into a single app?' wonders Brent Jones, the man who oversees Esri's worldwide strategic planning, business development and marketing activities for land records, land surveying and land administration. 'How would we do that?' When Brent Jones started his career as a surveyor, data collection involved hauling around heavy tools such as total stations, tripods and range poles. Data had to be manually recorded in weatherproof field books using a number-four lead mechanical pencil. Then came the advent of the Global Positioning System (GPS), experimental satellites, receivers powered by car batteries and PhD students to help... (read more)
2020-08-19 02:02:17

Fit-for-Purpose Land Administration

The FIG/World Bank publication on ‘Fit-for-Purpose Land Administration’ is attracting a lot of attention on international podia. The new FIG publication was launched last month at the joint FIG/World Bank Forum on ‘Spatial Innovations and Good Practice in Land Administration’, which was held the day after the World Bank conference on land and poverty took place in Washington DC, USA.  This publication is the result of cooperation between the World Bank and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) over recent years on land administration. The aim has been to address the issue of building and sustaining land administration systems that... (read more)
2014-06-06 10:35:16

Be Smart with Public Land

In every country, the state owns land. Kevin Cahill (‘Who Owns The World’, 2010) argues that Queen Elizabeth II is the largest land owner on Earth, as she possesses the UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and much more, amounting to one-sixth of the Earth’s surface. In his latest column, Paul van der Molen discusses various historical examples to show that state land is often land just stolen from the citizens. When Captain Cook landed at Botany Bay in Australia in 1770, he proclaimed the Declaration of Possession, based on the doctrine of ‘terra nullius’, bringing all land into the possession... (read more)
2017-11-09 12:55:02

Surveyor Killed over Disputed Land

A surveyor was killed and two people needed to be treated for gunshot wounds after a fight over the ownership of Ng'ati farm in Maella Naivasha. The deceased, a middle-aged man was killed by a gang of armed Maasai morans, who entered the farm in an attempt to stop the sub-division of the land. Armed security personnel were deployed in the area to try and quell the skirmishes and pursue the killers said to have hailed from the neighbouring Narok County. Trouble started when the morans moved in to repulse some surveyors hired to subdivide the land. A rival group... (read more)
2010-09-17 12:00:00

Romania EU Land Regulation Standards

The Romanian government is implementing a Land Parcel Information System/Integrated Administration and Control System (LPIS/IACS) based on ESRI’s ArcGIS Server software. The implementation is expected to meet stringent European Union (EU) agricultural land regulations, which is essential for the country’s admission to the EU. ESRI’s ArcGIS Server and GAF AG's LaFIS, an agricultural information and decision support system, will be installed in the country's agency of payments and interventions in agriculture (APIA), including its 210 local offices. A large percentage of Romania’s population is actively involved in agriculture. In the first phase, only authorised employees from the 210 local offices... (read more)
2006-10-25 12:00:00
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